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Archive for the ‘adam’s apple reduction’ Category

Case Study – Tracheal Augmentation

Sunday, April 23rd, 2017

 

Background: One of the many head and neck features that are distinctly masculine is that of the thyroid cartilage or Adam’s Apple.  A prominent thyroid cartilage creates a distinct bump in the neck that is associated and aesthetically acceptable in men. While it is often reduced in facial feminization surgery as a tracheal shave procedure in the male to female transgender patient, the reverse has not yet been described.

How to build a more prominent thyroid cartilage has only recently been described for masculinization in a female to male transgender patient. In this solitary description onlay cartilage grafts from the rib were used for tracheal augmentation. Since the Adam’s Apple is a cartilaginous structure it is logical that cartilage grafting would be an effective technique.

But not every such patient may want a rib graft harvested for a tracheal augmentation procedure. Like much of the face, one wonders if an implant can not be effectively used instead of a cartilage graft.

Case Study: This 35 year-old make wanted to improve the shape of his chin and neck. He had a mild short chin, submental fullness and a smooth neck contour. He had a first stage procedure of chin augmentation and a submentoplasty (liposuction and direct defatting with muscle plication) Afterwards he inquired about making his Adam’s Apple more prominent.

In a second procedure the trachea augmentation was planned using a Medpor nasal implant. The shape of the nasal implant is like a saddle (inverted v) which seemed like it would create a tracheal prominence and could be secured onto the front edge of the tracheal cartilage. A v-shaped notch was made in its upper portion to replicate the natural shape of the thyroid cartilage. Medpor nasal implants come with inserts to place under it for increased augmentation which was also done in its use as a tracheal implant. This gives it more outward projection from the anterior surface of the natural thyroid cartilage. Through a small skin incision, the synthetic framework was sutured to the cartilage, the overlying skin flap of fat (to allow more of the framework projection to be seen) and the skin closed.

The combination of chin augmentation, submental reduction and tracheal augmentation produced a more masculine lower face/neck profile. Tracheal augmentation can be done successfully using a properly shaped synthetic implant. The material composition is not an important as its ability to be shaped and secured to the natural thyroid cartilage base.

Highlights:

1) A prominent thyroid cartilage is a male characteristic.

2) Masculinization of the neck can be done by tracheal augmentation.

3) A synthetic tracheal implant can be used to create more projection of the upper V

portion of the thyroid cartilages.

Dr. Barry Eppley

Indianapolis, Indiana

Technical Strategies in Plastic Surgery – Submental Incision for Tracheal Shave

Saturday, August 23rd, 2014

 

Reduction of a prominent Adam’s apple is a neck contouring procedure that is known as a tracheal shave or, technically, a chondrolaryngoplasty. It is a very effective procedure that is most commonly done through a small skin incision directly over the tracheal prominence. Through this approach the elevated ridges of the thyroid cartilages are literally shaved down using a scalpel and occasionally a rotary burr if the cartilage is very stiff or ossified.

The skin incision in the neck for a tracheal shave is positioned in a horizontal orientation. As a result it usually heals exceptionally well, often being virtually invisible. But in some patients who have concerns about the neck scar for a tracheal shave, there is an alternative incision location.

Submental Approach for Tracheal Shave Dr Barry Eppley IndianapolisSubmental Tracheal Shave Dr Barry Eppley IndianapolisA submental approach can be taken for the neck contouring procedure. Through an inch long incision in the submental skin crease, a skin flap can be raised down to and over the tracheal prominence. It is some distance away but the elevation of such a skin flap in the neck is common, frequently done as part of many facelift procedures. Using special retractors made for working under narrow skin tunnels, the trachea can be shaved down with a scalpel.

The submental tracheal shave produces offers a ‘scarless’ method to do the procedure. While it is effective, I have found that it can be difficult to get as much reduction as that which can be done through a direct skin incisional approach.  This is particularly so if a rotary burring technique may be needed for maximal reduction as the narrow skin tunnel limits instrument access. Thus the submental approach must be used selectively in the right tracheal shave patient.

Dr. Barry Eppley

Indianapolis, Indiana

Postoperative Instructions for Tracheal Shave (Adam’s Apple Reduction) Surgery

Wednesday, February 20th, 2013

 

A tracheal shave or Adam’s Apple reduction is the removal of the protruding portions of the paired thyroid cartilages that cover the larynx. This is done through a small horizontal neck incision directly over them in a natural neck skin crease. The cartilages are reduced by shaving or burring them down but without making them unduly weak or disrupting the attachments of the underlying vocal cords. How much reduction of the neck bulge that can be achieved highly depends on the thickness of the cartilages.

The following are typical after surgery tracheal shave instructions:

 

1)  Most tracheal shave procedures have virtually no pain after surgery. Patients usually only feel the need to use Tylenol or Ibuprofen for just a few days after the procedure, if any medication at all.

2) There  will be a flesh-colored tapes glued on over the incision. That will stay on for a week or so. It will either be removed by Dr. Eppley at the first postoperative follow-up (in town patients) or you may peel it off after a week for out-of-town patients.

3) There may or may be some spotting of blood on the tapes. This is normal and not a cause for concern.

4. The sutures used in the small neck incision are all under the skin and will dissolve on their own. There is NO need for suture removal.

5. You may shower and wash your hair as normal the following day. There is no harm in getting the  neck tapes wet.

6) There may be some mild neck stiffness and soreness when you extend your neck backwards after surgery. Avoid excessively stretching your neck backwards for a few weeks after surgery once the tapes are removed.

7) Once the neck tapes are removed, you may begin to apply any topical scar treatments if you desire.

8) There are no limitations to any physical activities after tracheal shave surgery. You may feel free to run, workout and do any non-contact sporting activity as soon as you feel comfortable.

9) There are no restrictions on what you can eat or drink after surgery. Swallowing has no adverse effects on neck healing.

10. If any neck redness, increased tenderness or swelling, or drainage develops after the first week of surgery, call Dr. Eppley and have your pharmacy number ready.

Options in Neck Reshaping and Contouring

Friday, October 21st, 2011

The shape of the neck is an important aesthetic structure of the face. When it is well defined with a sharp angle definition (between 90 to 120 degrees in profile), it makes the chin and jawline more prominent and flattering. When the neck angle is obtuse or completely open (straight), the jawline becomes obscured and less aesthetically pleasing. The neck can be seen to have a major influence on how the entire lower third of the face looks. As one begins to age, the neck tissues become loose and begin to sag.For some, even at a young age, they have a naturally full with an obtuse angle due to a thicker fat layer and a lower positioned hyoid bone.

While genetics, gravity and time work against a shapely neck with a good angle, there are a number of plastic surgery procedures to improve the aesthetic appearance of the neck. First, however, a few comments on non-surgical reshaping methods. While creams and exercises are touted to improve the shape of the neck, none have been proven effective for making noticeable changes. Some modest changes can be made in the appearance of jowls and neck skin sagging in those who have good skin elasticity withvarious transcutaneous energy therapies. (e.g., BBL or Skin Tyte) These are not to be confused with surgical results but there can be visible improvement. Injectable Botox can also be used to treat prominent vertical platysmal neck bands. These are best viewed as treatments neck for those that don’t have enough of a problem to justify surgery or for those who do but prefer to try a non-surgical approach first.

Full thicker necks with good skin can be treated solely by liposuction. Removing fat allows the skin to shrink and tighten up to reveal the shape of the underlying platysma muscle. While traditional liposuction is effective,the additional use of a laser-assisted technique can help improve the results. Smartlipo, which uses a fiberoptic laser probe, creates heat which not only helps melt fat but can create a skin tightening effect as well. While neck Smartlipo is ideal for younger patients due to their better skin quality, I have seen a few older patients with impressive neck changes as well.

The next level beyond neck liposuction is a submentoplasty. This is a neck tightening operation that not only removes fat by liposuction but tightens the platysma muscle as well. It is performed through a submental incision in which some small amount of loose upper neck skin can also be removed. Also known as a submental tuckup, it can be effective for the very beginnings of neck sagging in younger patients with good skin. It is also historically used after a facelift when some submental skin sagging develops (rebound relaxation) in the first year after surgery.

Facelifts are the primary procedure that can create the most effective change for the aging neck. Facelifts, also called necklifts, can be thought of as being two fundamental types either a limited and full type. Both use incisions around the ear but the length of the incisions and what effects they create in the neck and jowls is different. A limited facelift, which goes by a lot of marketing names (Lifestyle Lift, Quicklift etc), has as its main effect the smoothing out of sagging jowls with a more limited effect in lifting neck skin. It is best used in patients whose primary complaints are about their droopy jowls and not their necks. Full facelifts are used when the neck problem is more significant and its improvement is the main objective of the surgery. It is the most powerful changer of both the neck and jowls and usually also incorporates liposuction of neck fat and tightening of the platysma neck muscles. Chin augmentation with a facelift can also be helpful in giving a more defined jawline.

One other approach to the sagging neck is that of the direct necklift. Unlike facelifts in which the incisions and the direction of skin lifting is based around the ears, the direct necklift removes loose neck skin by excising it down the center of the neck…directly if you will. This is a simpler approach to a necklift and is a very powerful reshaping method of the neck but it does so with the trade-off of a midline neck scar. This can be a preferred procedure for older men (greater than age 65) who prefer the least recovery and have large hanging neck wattles. Male beard skin heals remarkably well and I have not found the neck scar to be a visible concern after it heals.

The last area of neck reshaping, which has nothing to do with age, is the prominent Adam’s apple or thyroid cartilage. For those that have too strong of a neck bulge caused by the strength of the paired cartilages of the Adam’a apple, this can be reduced by shaving the prominence down. This is done through a small horizontal neck incision directly over the prominence. It is a virtually painless procedure with no recovery and a result that is immediate. Most patients obtain results where the size of the bulge is dramatically reduced and a few will end up with a completely smooth neckline.

Dr. Barry Eppley

Indianapolis, Indiana


Dr. Barry EppleyDr. Barry Eppley

Dr. Barry Eppley is an extensively trained plastic and cosmetic surgeon with more than 20 years of surgical experience. He is both a licensed physician and dentist as well as double board-certified in both Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. This training allows him to perform the most complex surgical procedures from cosmetic changes to the face and body to craniofacial surgery. Dr. Eppley has made extensive contributions to plastic surgery starting with the development of several advanced surgical techniques. He is a revered author, lecturer and educator in the field of plastic and cosmetic surgery.

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