Plastic Surgery Case Study: HTR Occipital Implant for Flat Back of the Head

  Background: The flat back of the head is one of the common aesthetic skull deformities. It usually originates from either a genetic predisposition or a deformational effect of in utero or post birth head positioning. (occipital plagiocephaly) The flatness can be on just one side or both. (bilateral) When it occurs bilaterally there are…Read More…

3D PEKK Implants For Complex Craniofacial Reconstructions

  The concept of 3D printing of human replacement parts has been all over the medical and scientific news over the past few years. While each news release seems like it is revolutionary and new, most are the natural evolution of the refinement of 3D CT scanning and the ability to manufacture custom replacement parts…Read More…

Case Study: Skull Dimple Correction by Augmentation Cranioplasty

  Background: While the shape of the skull is typically smooth, it is not rare that one may have various small contour deformities. These could be raised or indented areas depending upon their location on the skull. Many of these skull shape issues are related to their initial formation through the cranial sutures and their…Read More…

Minimal Incision Forehead Augmentation Cranioplasty

  Forehead augmentation is done for a variety of aesthetic reasons including increasing the convexity and projection of the forehead. A forehead that slopes back too severely or lacks brow bone projection can be built up by an onlay or augmentative cranioplasty. This is always done with an alloplastic material rather than a bone graft…Read More…

PMMA as an Aesthetic Cranioplasty Material

  The use of skull reshaping with cranioplasty techniques that use synthetic materials dates back for over five decades. While the use of bone grafts is never an option in aesthetic skull procedures, it often is not an option in skull reconstruction either due to the size of the skull defect. This makes the use…Read More…

The Small Incision Occipital Cranioplasty For A Flat Back of the Head

  Of all the non-craniosynostotic developmental skull deformities that exist, by far the most common is occipital plagiocephaly. This refers to a flattening on one side of the back of the head. While the deformity may be greatest on the flattest part of the occiput, its effects go beyond the flat skull area. Usually there…Read More…

Postoperative Instructions for Cranioplasty (Skull Reshaping)

  Skull reshaping surgery is done to create a more normal skull shape and contours. It achieves this goal through the application to the outside of the skull of either augmentation (by adding materials), reducing bone or a combination of both techniques. Most skull reshaping techniques require an open incisional approach to be done. The following…Read More…

Consent for Plastic Surgery: Cranioplasty (Skull Reshaping)

  Every plastic surgery procedure has numerous issues that every patient who is undergoing a procedure should know. These explanations are always on a consent form that you should read in detail before surgery. This consent form, while many perceive as strictly a legal protection for the doctor, is actually more intended to improve the…Read More…

Case Study: Cranioplasty for the Flat Back of the Head

Background:  The shape of the head is largely determined by the skull that lies underneath it.  Its normal oblong shape is created by the multiples plates of skull bone formed in utero that only formally fuse together after birth. The rapidly developing and expanding brain has great influence on forming the skull shape, much like…Read More…

Cosmetic Skull Augmentation of the Flat Back of the Head

When one thinks of cosmetic surgery, the thought rarely goes to any form of skull contouring. While the world is full of a wide variety of head shapes, there is no uniform size or measurement to determine a pleasing cranial contour. But there is a certain oblong and curvilinear shape to most of the skull….Read More…