Background: Soft tissue trauma is not uncommon around the prominent brow bone region of the upper third of the face. When the eyebrow soft tissues are compressed against the edge of the brow bone usually the soft tissue will separate before the bone fractures creating a laceration. Because this laceration involves a hair bearing area, eyebrow lacerations frequently exhibit hair loss as well.
Another type of injury that can occur from eyebrow and eyelid lacerations is upper lid ptosis. If the levator aponeurosis is injured by an eyelid laceration or shearing forces across the eyebrow its attachment to the tarsus may be affected. This will cause the level of the upper eyelid to droop, increasing coverage of the upper iris giving it a sleepy or tired appearance.
Case Study: This female was involved in a severe automobile accident which resulted in extensive lacerations of her face. One of these lacerations involved the left eyebrow area and resulted in a depressed horizontal scar and left upper eyelid ptosis.
Under general anesthesia for extensive other facial reconstructive surgery the plan for the eyebrow scar revision was marked out with a running w-plasty pattern. The scar was excised and closed. Then through an upper eyelid incision multiple sutures were placed between the levator and tarsus to lift up the upper eyelid and reduce the amount of iris coverage.
Her results showed improvement in both the appearance of the scar and in correction of the upper eyelid ptosis. She can then proceed later to get hair transplants to fill in the missing eyebrow hairs.
1) Prominent linear scars that cross the brow bones will usually benefit by a geometric scar revision.
2) Traumatic soft tissue injuries to the eyelid can cause upper eyelid ptosis.
3) Eyelid scar revision and upper eyelid ptosis repair can be done during the same surgery.
Dr. Barry Eppley