Background: The shape of anyone’s nose is a result of the size, shape and thicknesses of its cartilage, bone and skin components. These five pieces of cartilage and two pieces of bone are able to be modified to varying degrees if one wants to change the shape of their nose. How well or poorly these types of structural changes are seen is influenced by the thickness of the overlying skin which is under very little control of the surgeon.
One of the most common parts of the nose that is requested to be changed is that of its tip. While everyone’s nasal shape is different in all aspects the tip is really the ‘fingerprint’ of the nose. The tip is the most complex anatomic part of the nose as the union of three pieces of cartilage, the lower alar cartilages and the anterior end of the septum. The various size and shape of these cartilages is what makes each person’s nasal tip so unique.
While reshaping the tip of the nose is part of many rhinoplasty surgeries as an overall change, the tip cartilages can be treated in isolation as well. For some patients their only nasal shape concerns is in the tip and they are happy with the shape of the nose above it. The tip can have a wide variety of shape issues which primarily revolves around three dimensions, projection, rotation and width. Of these three tip shape concerns width is the most common dimension patients want changed. Men, in particular, focus on nasal tip width more so than tip projection or tip rotation.
Case Study: This male was bothered by the width of his nose. It was the only nose shape change that he wanted. Careful inspection of his nasal tip showed broad lower alar cartilages, a widely spaced interalar cartilage distance and the hint of a bifid nasal tip which was obscured by his thick nasal skin.,
Under general anesthesia an open rhinoplasty was performed in which, expectantly, very large lower alar cartilages with a significant gap between them was found at the tip and down through the columella was found.
A 5mm cephalic lower alar cartilage trim was done on each side with the rest of the tip reshaping by sutures. (transdomal, columellar and lateral crural) A small columellar strut graft was placed using the cephalic trim cartilage.
Intraop pictures showed the narrowing effect on his nasal tip. While considerable swelling will ensue after surgery and his thick nasal skin can compromise what is seen in surgery. But it would be fair to say that the tip of his nose will be less wide than it was before surgery.
1) Narrowing a wide nasal tip requires changing the cartilage structures on the lower half of the nose.
2) In significant nasal tip reshaping the most effective approach is through an open rhinoplasty.
3) An isolated tip rhinoplasty can be done without changing any other aspects of the nose.
Dr. Barry Eppley