Plastic Surgery
Dr. Barry Eppley

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Double Board-Certified Plastic
Surgeon Dr. Barry Eppley

Case Study – Limited Incision Forehead Augmentation


Background: Forehead augmentation in men is often done to correct a pseudobrow protrusion deformity. This is where the position of the brows is actually normal but the superior position of the forehead is deficient. This makes the brow bones comparatively look too strong. This diagnosis can be confirmed by doing computer imaging where the forehead is either brought forward or the brow bones brought back.

In these cases of pseudobrow bone prominence, augmentation of the forehead above is the corrective aesthetic procedure. There are multiple materials to use for forehead augmentation from bone cements to custom implants. In isolated more central forehead augmentation procedures the use of bone cements is the most economical approach.

The issue with frontal cranioplasties with bone cements is that wide open access is usually needed to place them. This is particularly true with the hydroxyapatite bone cements which are like thick putty when mixed and do not have good material flow. A near or complete coronal scalp incision is needed to ensure even application and good feathering at the edges. PMMA bone cement, however, has different material flow properties that permit smaller incisional application.

Case Study: This 25 year-old male was bothered by his prominent brow bones. Through computer imaging it was shown that his forehead above the brow bones was recessed. Augmentation of his forehead above the brow bones was determined to create the best aesthetic result.

Limited Frontal Cranioplasty incision and closure Dr Barry Eppley IndianapolisUnder general anesthesia an 11 cm long irregular scalp incision  was made 3 cms behind the frontal hairline. Subperiosteal dissection was made down to the brow bones and out past the anterior temporal lines. Using PMMA bone cement mixed with antibiotic powder a putty was created. The putty was inserted into the pocket and then shaped through external molding with particular attention paid to creating smooth edge transitions across the brow and temporal lines. Any excess was pushed towards the incision where it was removed before the material completely set. A hand piece and burr was then used to make sure all visible edges were feathered.

Forehead Augmentation with PMMA intraop result Dr Barry Eppley IndianapolisA frontal cranioplasty using PMMA bone cement can be done through a more limited scalp incision. The material flows well and can be shaped externally as it sets. It takes good experience working with the material to be able to get a good shape of it in a partially blinded fashion. Meticulous attention was be paid to edging and the detection and elimination of any irregularities. If any exist they will eventually be seen moths laters when the forehead tissues have fully contracted.


1) Forehead augmentation in men can be done to include the brow bones or done in isolation for the forehead region above it.

2) Using bone cement for forehead augmentation typically requires a long scalp (coronal) incision.

3) Using PMMA bone cement a limited scalp incision can be used for forehead augmentation…if one has a lot of experience using this type of bone cement.

Dr. Barry Eppley

Indianapolis, Indiana

Dr. Barry EppleyDr. Barry Eppley

Dr. Barry Eppley is an extensively trained plastic and cosmetic surgeon with more than 20 years of surgical experience. He is both a licensed physician and dentist as well as double board-certified in both Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. This training allows him to perform the most complex surgical procedures from cosmetic changes to the face and body to craniofacial surgery. Dr. Eppley has made extensive contributions to plastic surgery starting with the development of several advanced surgical techniques. He is a revered author, lecturer and educator in the field of plastic and cosmetic surgery.

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