Plastic Surgery
Dr. Barry Eppley

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Double Board-Certified Plastic
Surgeon Dr. Barry Eppley

Case Study – The Male Custom Forehead Implant for Upper Facial Reshaping


Background: The upper third of the face has well known gender differences. The shape of the male forehead is distinctly different than that of a female.  It is usually wider and vertically longer than in women, there is a slight backward slope to it as it ascends into the hairline and there is the presence of brow bone protrusions with a suprabrow break before heading upwards into the forehead.

Studies have shown that the angle of the curvature of the forehead is higher in women than in men which supports that the rounder forehead in the female and the more backward slope of the forehead in males. The acceptable aesthetic degree of backward angulation in the male forehead is not precisely established but what matters on a practical basis is whether the person finds it acceptable or not. One factor that has a major influence on the appearance of the slope of the male forehead is the vertical skin length. The further the hairline sits back, or even its complete absence, will affect how much of the forehead stands out.

Augmenting the male forehead is more challenging in men than women due to the frontal hairline location and the anterior scalp hair density. For most men the historic use of bone cements is often not practical since these require an almost full coronal scalp incision for proper placement and contouring. The best method today is the use of custom forehead implants made from the patient’s 3D CT scan. This allows their placement through a much smaller scalp incision and assure the smoothest forehead contour and desired shape due to preoperative designing.

Case Study: This young male was bothered by the shape of his forehead which was wider, flatter and sloped back more then he desired. A custom forehead implant was designed that, staying within the anterior temporal lines, gave his forehead a more rounder look and less of a backward slope into his hairline.

Under general anesthesia a 7 cm scalp incision placed behind the frontal hairline was used for implant placement. Endoscopic dissection permitted the subperiosteal elevation of the pocket across the brow area with preservation of the supraorbital neurovascular bundle. The implant wad folded, inserted through the scalp incision, unfold and positioned and secured into this position with two microscrews.

The immediate effects of the custom forehead implant could be seen intraoperatively. All patients will develop some temporary swelling and bruising around the eyes which can take up to a full month after surgery to completely resolve.


1) A excessively backward sloping forehead  is not an aesthetically desirable male forehead shape.

2) Forehead augmentation can be done while leaving the brow bone areas alone.

3)  A custom forehead implant can be placed through a relatively small scalp incision.

Dr. Barry Eppley

Indianapolis, Indiana

Dr. Barry EppleyDr. Barry Eppley

Dr. Barry Eppley is an extensively trained plastic and cosmetic surgeon with more than 20 years of surgical experience. He is both a licensed physician and dentist as well as double board-certified in both Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. This training allows him to perform the most complex surgical procedures from cosmetic changes to the face and body to craniofacial surgery. Dr. Eppley has made extensive contributions to plastic surgery starting with the development of several advanced surgical techniques. He is a revered author, lecturer and educator in the field of plastic and cosmetic surgery.

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