Case Study – Forehead Reconstruction with Hydroxyapatite Cement

  Background: Many well known congenital skull deformities (craniosynostoses) are treated by early surgery, usually under one year of age. While this allows the developing brain more space to grow and have it help shape the overlying skull, the final shape of the skull is rarely ideally normal. Scar, growth potential and genetics all play…Read More…

Case Study – Forehead Horn Reduction

  Background: The shape of the frontal skull bone known as forehead is an important aesthetic facial feature. Since the forehead occupies one-third of the visible face it is not surprising that it has significant aesthetic value even though it seems like it is just a flat a amorphous structure. In reality there are very…Read More…

Case Study – Total Forehead Reduction

  Background: The shape of the forehead is affected by various hard and soft tissue components. The forehead is framed by the hairline superiorly, the brows inferiorly and the bony temporal lines to the sides. The projection of the forehead is controlled by the thickness of the frontal bone and its degree of convexity and…Read More…

Forehead Feminization Surgical Techniques

  One of the many important areas to change in facial feminization surgery (FFS) is that of the forehead. The typical male forehead has a prominent brow bone, a visible brow bone break into the upper forehead and a central forehead area that is often flat or even slopes backward to some degree. This is…Read More…

Technical Strategies – Pretrichial Approach to Forehead Craniotomy Defect Reconstruction

  Craniotomies that involve the frontal and/or frontotemporal bones are commonly done for a variety of intracranial problems such as bleeding from trauma or for access to tumors. While the bone flap is put back into position using low profile plates and screws and the detached temporalis muscle resuspended, residual skull deformities are common. Frontal…Read More…

Case Study: Forehead Augmentation for Forehead Horns

  Background: The desirable features and shape of the male forehead is well known. It consists of a brow bone prominence, a superior brow bone break and a smooth slightly convex shape of the upper forehead to the hairline. A wider or more square forehead shape is often seen as an asset as well. Some…Read More…

Case Study: Removal and Reconstruction of a Large Forehead Osteoma

  Background: Bony raised bumps on the forehead are not rare and are known as osteomas. They occur due to the development of normal bone under the periosteum of the non-hair bearing forehead. They are benign overgrowths of bone that are non-mobile. They are thought to usually be initially associated with a perforating vein through…Read More…

Technical Strategies in Plastic Surgery – Fat Injections for Brow Bone Break Reduction

  Fat injections have tremendous popularity due to their autologous (natural) source, ease of graft procurement and ability to place the graft in a scar-free manner. While fat graft retention is far from assured, they have been used in a tremendously diverse number of applications where more soft tissue volume is needed. One such unique…Read More…