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Posts Tagged ‘vermilion advancements’

Consent for Plastic Surgery: Lip Lifts, Lip Advancements and Corner of Mouth Lifts

Sunday, January 27th, 2013

 

Every plastic surgery procedure has numerous issues that every patient who is undergoing a procedure should know. These explanations are always on a consent form that you should read in detail before surgery. This consent form, while many perceive as strictly a legal protection for the doctor, is actually more intended to improve the understanding of the various lip enhancement procedures. The following is what Dr. Eppley discusses with his patients for these procedures. This list includes many, but not all,of the different outcomes from surgery. It should generate both a better understanding of the procedure and should answer any remaining questions that one would have.

ALTERNATIVES

Enhancements of the lips can be done by a variety of synthetic or fat injectable fillers to increase the size of the pink part of the lip. (vermilion) Whether the results achieved by injection techniques is comparable to that of tissue excision and lifting should be thoroughly understood before surgery.

GOALS

The goal of lift lifts and advancements is to shorten the distance between the base of the noses and the upper lip and increase the amount of vermilion show. A lip lift will increase the central lip pout and vermilion show. A lip advancement will increase vermilion throughout the whole lip from one mouth corner to the other. The goal of a corner of the mouth lift is to lift up the sagging mouth corners and create a more horizontal smile or lip line.

LIMITATIONS

There are limits as to how much the lip can be lifted or advanced and how much the corners of the mouth can be changed. The limits to these changes are based on trying to keep the lips looking natural and not overdone and to not making excessive visible scarring.

EXPECTED OUTCOME

Expected outcomes include the following: temporary bruising and swelling around the lips and the corner of the mouth, temporary lip numbness, permanent scars at the junction of vermilion-skin junction (lip lifts and advancements) and away from the corner of the mouth. (corner of mouth lift) All excisional lip procedures may create some temporary stiffness on movement and mouth opening. Healing of the scars and settling any scar irregularities is a process that takes months (6 to 12) to see the final result in many cases.

RISKS

Significant complications from lip surgery are very rare but could include infection. More likely complications could include aesthetic deformities such as asymmetry and irregularities of the vermilion-skin junction (lip lines) asymmetry of lip (vermilion)sizes or mouth corners, suture reactions along the incision lines, and under vs. overcorrection of the desired lip sizes or corner of the mouth changes. Any of these risks may require revisional surgery for improvement.

ADDITIONAL SURGERY     

Should additional surgery be required to adjust the  shape of the lips or corner of the mouth, this will generate additional costs.

Lip and Corner Tuckups for the Aging Mouth

Tuesday, October 13th, 2009

One of the telltale and most bothersome signs for women as they age is the development of an aging or “old mouth”. Besides the lines and wrinkles that form in the surrounding skin, other anatomic changes occur that change its overall appearance. The upper lip begins to get longer and thinner. The drooping skin from above the lips forces the corners of the mouth to turn downward. As the corners turn downward, furrows extend from the corner of the mouth downward, known as marionette lines. The lower lip sags and the horizontal groove beneath it (labiomental sulcus) becomes more pronounced. The nasolabial folds or lip-cheek grooves, which bracket the mouth from above, become deeper.

Skin resurfacing methods, such as lasers and chemical peels, are useful to decrease wrinkling around the mouth area. But they often only improve just a part of the problem. Injectable fillers add a good method of rejuvenation because they replace lost volume and help provide a small lift to some areas of the mouth. When combined with skin resurfacing, some nice changes in the aging mouth can be seen.

In some cases, the mouth or perioral area requires some surgical manipulation to get that more youthful look.  There is a set of small but very effective mouth procedures that are more effective at lifting and upturning than any injectable filler alone. The goal here is to have fuller lips with a more even or horizontal smile line. These perioral rejuvenation procedures include lifts of the lip, corner of the mouth, and smile lines.

The simplest lift is that of the upper lip. It is performed to shorten the long lip of aging, allowing the upper teeth to show slightly when the lips are slightly open. By using a wavy or bullhorn-shaped ellipse of skin under the nose, the central part of the lip is upturned. Lip advancements, however, are more widely used as they affect the entire upper lip. Lip advancement achieves exposure of more of the pink mucosa (vermilion) and removes some of the vertical lip lines that run directly into the lips. A small strip of skin outside the lip line is removed to make the lips look bigger

There is really only one way to lift the downturned mouth corners. The corner of the mouth lift is performed to elevate the down turned corners of the mouth so that the smile line (lips at rest) becomes more horizontal. This makes one’s mouth appearance more perky. This is done by  removing a small triangle of skin above each corner which changes the location and angulation of the sides of the mouth.

Just beyond the corner of the mouth can lie folds of skin which hang down. While it is tempting to think that this loose skin can be improved by a facelift, it usually is not. These “parachute” folds of skin can be improved by direct excision of loose skin and fat in the lower portion of the nasolabial fold. This excision of skin places a small scar along the lower end of the nasolabial fold. It can also help with some minor lifting of the corners of the mouth as well.

Any direct excision of skin in the mouth area do result in scars. Patients have to be willing to accept that trade-off for the benefit of mouth rejuvenation effects. While most of these scars heal well and very indiscriminately, some may need revision or smoothing out later. In my Indianapolis plastic surgery experience, these small revision rates are most commonly needed for corner of the mouth lifts and about 10% to 15% of patients may benefit by them.

Dr. Barry Eppley

Indianapolis, Indiana


Dr. Barry EppleyDr. Barry Eppley

Dr. Barry Eppley is an extensively trained plastic and cosmetic surgeon with more than 20 years of surgical experience. He is both a licensed physician and dentist as well as double board-certified in both Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. This training allows him to perform the most complex surgical procedures from cosmetic changes to the face and body to craniofacial surgery. Dr. Eppley has made extensive contributions to plastic surgery starting with the development of several advanced surgical techniques. He is a revered author, lecturer and educator in the field of plastic and cosmetic surgery.

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