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Calf Implants and Fat Grafting in Congenital Club Foot Deformity

Underdevelopment of the calf muscles in congenital clubfoot is a common sequelae no matter how timely or well primary treatment for it is done. Such underdevelopment of the lower leg, particularly in asymmetry or unilateral involvement, can be a source of patient sensitivity and lowered self-esteem. Calf muscle hypoplasia can be treated successfully in both Read More…

OR Snapshots – Popliteal Skin Incisions for Calf Implants

There are numerous reasons patients seek calf augmentation. The desire for a more muscular calf appearance in an otherwise normal but thin calf and improvement in congenital or traumatic calf asymmetry are the most common patients that seek calf augmentation. The only assured method to achieve such calf size improvements is with the use of Read More…

Calf Implants and Avoiding Injury to the Sural Nerve

Calf implants are used for a variety of reasons from aesthetic muscular augmentation to correction of congenital lower leg deformities. (e.g., club foot) They are placed on top of the existing gastrocnemius muscles to provide an external contour change that results in an enhanced lower leg size appearance. Since there are two muscle bellies to Read More…

Long-Term Results in Calf Implants

Calf augmentation is most commonly done with implants. There are a variety of reasons patients pursue augmenting the gastrocnemius muscle from congenitally thin legs, muscle atrophy due to disease or trauma and the desire for larger calfs that exercise and effort alone can not easily achieve. While injection fat grafting is another option for larger Read More…

Subfascial Placement Technique for Calf Implants

Calf augmentation is one of the most infrequently performed of all body contouring procedures. Part of the reason for its low rate of performance is patient demand. The other reason is that most plastic surgeons are uncomfortable performing the procedure having never seen it done or been trained to do it. The widespread use of Read More…

Plastic Surgery Case Study – Calf Implants in Women

Background: The calf or gastrocnemius muscles are a compact and powerful set of lower leg muscles that run from the knee to just above the ankle. It is a bipennate musclke with two known heads. The outer or lateral head starts at the lateral condyle of the femur while the inner head starts from the Read More…

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