Background: The ear occupies the side of the head and is a frequently overlooked facial feature given its location. It only becomes aesthetically relevant when some feature about it makes it stand out. The most common aesthetic ears deformity is protrusion, the ear sticks out too far from the side of the head with an increased auriculocephalic angle. This accounts for one of the commonly requested ear reshaping procedures of the setback otoplasty.
Another feature that can make an ear unattractive is if it is too big. Most commonly it is the earlobe at fault since this is the only part of the ear that can elongate with age due to lack of any cartilage support. This accounts for another common aesthetic ear reshaping procedure of earlobe reductions.
But when the cartilage-containing ear above the lobe is too big it is congenital in origin and is not the easy fix that an earlobe reduction is. Macrotia or large ear reductive surgery has to involve the removal of cartilage to shrink the ear down in size. But because it is an aesthetic procedure the location of the scars must be acceptable in doing so. Thus the most common form of macrotia surgery involves a superior scaphal flap and inferior earlobe reduction to vertically shorten the ear. Such reduction are usually in the 10 – 12mm range.
But in some macrotia patients part of the problem is the enlarged central conchal bowl. If the typical superior and inferior macrotia reduction is done, while the ear will be vertically smaller, the conceal will look abnormally enlarged and unusual in appearance. This requires a different form of macrotia surgery.
Case Study: This female had always been bothered by her large ears and never wore her hair pulled back. Her vertical ears lengths were 75mms with a very large concha.
Under local anesthesia her macrotia reduction surgery was modified from the traditional approach by using a central wedge cartilage resection rather than a superior scaphal flap method. The inferior earlobe was done in the usual helical rim resection technique. Her ear height was reduced from 75mms to 60mms.
Her six month results showed well healed mid-helical rims scars with a good improvement in ear shape from before the surgery.
A central ear wedge resection approach is typically associated with the treatment for skin cancer. The apprehension for using it in aesthetic ear surgery is how well the scar does across the antihelical and helical rims. While the more traditional scaphal flap has a scar line across the helical rim as well, the central wedge method crosses the antihelical rim as well. The resultant scar is acceptable and the reduction in the appearance of the concha is apparent. The real issue to be aware of when using this central reduction technique is that the upper ear can inadvertently become pulled over a bit. This can be avoided by taking all of the inner cartilage wedge resection of the concha superiorly since this is the part of the ear that does the most movement when putting it back together.
1) While a large ear is ultimately determined by the patient’s perception a vertical height greater than 60mms in a female would be considered large.
2) Traditional vertical ear shortening (Macrotia) surgery involves a superior scaphal flap and inferior earlobe reductions.
3) When a large concha is a major reason for the large ear a central wedge reduction technique can be used with acceptable scarring across the middle of the ear.
Dr. Barry Eppley