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Case Study – Tracheal Shave in Facial Feminization Surgery

  Background: A significant prominence in the center of the neck is that of the tracheal cartilages and it is an almost exclusive male feature. The tracheal cartilages become larger during development imen, like the deepening of the voice, due to hormone influences. While there are men, usually with thin necks, that desire tracheal reduction Read More…

Case Study – Transgender Vermilion Lip Advancements

  Background: The lips frame the mouth and are an important facial feature. What is seen on the lips is the dry vermilion with a little wet vermilion, known as the red part of the lips. The amount of vermilion seen determines the size of the lips. The junction of the vermilion and the skin, Read More…

The Role of Rhinoplasty in Facial Feminization Surgery

  Facial feminization surgery changes the structure of the male face to appear more feminine. While procedures from the skull down to the trachea exist to make these modifications, nose reshaping is one of the mainstay operations. That is not only because it sits in the middle of the face but because it has distinct Read More…

Facial Feminization Surgery – Outcome Assessment

  Facial feminization surgery (FFS) is well recognized collection of hard and soft tissue reshaping procedures. While most commonly seen as a transgender procedure, it is also done for non-transgender females who have more masculine facial features. While it is unknown how many such FFS procedures are performed around the world, it is very clear Read More…

Outcome Assessment of Facial Feminization Surgery

  Facial feminization surgery is a recognized collection of facial reshaping procedures that are primarily used in the treatment of gender dysphoria. Based on recognized anthropometric studies, the key craniofacial characteristic that separate a male from a female face is the shape of the forehead, the frontonasal junction and the shape of the chin. Thus, Read More…

Forehead Feminization Surgical Techniques

  One of the many important areas to change in facial feminization surgery (FFS) is that of the forehead. The typical male forehead has a prominent brow bone, a visible brow bone break into the upper forehead and a central forehead area that is often flat or even slopes backward to some degree. This is Read More…

Techniques and Outcomes in Forehead and Brow Feminization

  Facial feminization surgery is a relatively recent plastic surgery procedure that has only been done since the late 1980s. It has been developed to address the need to modify masculine facial features for those with gender dysphoria who need to change their facial identity. As a result it is a well known need for Read More…

Case Study: Transgender Brow Bone Reduction/Reshaping

  Background: The shape of the forehead is very gender specific and these differences are well known. The male forehead has prominent brow ridges, a brow bone break and a forehead that has a slight backward slope. The female forehead has no visible brow ridging or break and a more convex shape as it extends Read More…

Case Study: Transgender Tracheal Shave

  Background: The bulge in the center of just about any neck is the result of the laryngeal prominences. These are two large plates of paired cartilages who have a primary function to provide protection of the very important vocal cords from injury The size or prominence of these cartilages is highly influenced by hormones Read More…

The Emergence of Facial Feminization Surgery

  Facial feminization surgery (FFS) in the transgender patient has come a long way in the past two decades. As societal and political changes have occurred, greater patient acceptance and awareness of the need for such external physical changes has become mainstream procedures for those plastic surgeons experienced in doing them. With roughly a 1/4% Read More…

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