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The Surgical Treatment of Bilateral Supernumerary Nipples

The nipples on the female or male chest are well recognized but their embryologic origin is not. They develop from outgrowths along the congenital vertical milk lines which extend from the armpit down into the groin. The post birth nipples and their ultimately developing breast tissue emerge into their recognized position on the chest wall Read More…

Case Study – Mushroom Male Nipple Reduction

  Background: The existence of the nipples in a male is from its embryological development. Since all embryos start out as a female, the existence of the milk lines and the nipples develop before the embryo’s sex has been determined. Once the Y chromosome and testosterone levels make it into a male, the nipples are Read More…

Male Nipple Reduction

  While men have nipples just like women, they serve no functional purpose. Men do not get pregnant nor do they have to breast feed so the role of the nipple-areolar complex is essentially decorative. While men may look peculiar if they did not have nipples, because we are used to seeing all humans with Read More…

Female Nipple Reduction Surgery

  Protruding nipples can occur because of they naturally develop, induced to grow by pregnancy and breastfeeding, or inadvertently become more obvious by the placement of breast implants. Nipple hypertrophy can be managed by a variety of  products to help flatten and hide their prominence. These are usually circular silicone shields which, when applied to Read More…

Nipple Reduction Surgery in Men and Women

  The size of the nipple on a man’s or woman’s chest is often unnoticed, until it becomes too long. A long nipple, known as nipple hypertrophy, can be both a source of embarrassment and irritation. It can be challenging to hide under light clothing and leads to chronic irritation and chafing from rubbing against Read More…

Mini-Mommy Makeover Procedures

The concept of a Mommy Makeover plastic surgery procedure is about combining abdominal and breast reshaping in one operation. The breast and abdominal components are not new and include many well known procedures such as tummy tucks, breast implants, liposuction and breast lifts in whatever combination each individual women needs. While the effects of a Read More…

Male Nipple Disorders and Their Surgical Correction

The size and shape of a man’s chest can be a source of pride or embarrassment. Much emphasis on the aesthetics of a masculine chest is based on the pectoralis muscular anatomy. While this muscle provides support for the overlying skin, and clearly its size and border outlines are important, the lone remaining aesthetic feature Read More…

Case Study: Reduction of the Prominent Nipples in Men

Background:  The nipple, technically known as the nipple-areolar complex, is present in both men and women. While it has a functional role in women, it is a non-functional vestigial structur in men. While a man’s chest would look strange without it, it aesthetically should blend in and be relatively non-prominent. Changes in the size and Read More…

Nipple Reduction with Breast Augmentation

  While the placement of implants makes the breast larger, they will also make the nipple expand as well. This is a simple phenomenon of tissue expansion. As the overlying breast skin stretches to accomodate the size of the implant, so must the nipple-areolar complex become expanded as well. It is reasonable to expect, therefore, Read More…

Nipple Reduction and Areolar Gynecomastia Treatment in Men

  Gynecomastia (male breast enlargement) comes in many forms, from a large almost female looking breast to just a scant amount of excessive nipple or areolar projection. In my Indianapolis plastic surgery practice, I have seen more ‘minor’ cases of gynecomastia in the past few years. In these minor expressions of gynecomastia, there is a Read More…

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