Background: A more complete jawline augmentation is most commonly done using standard chin and jaw angle implants. With good implant selection and ideal placement on the jawbone, an enhanced and satisfying jawline can be achieved. While numerous options in both silicone and Medpor facial implants exist, the material used is of no biologic or long-term consequence. What matters is the shape and size of the implants used.
While more successful than not, a three implant jawline implant approach is associated with a higher rate of complications than any one single facial implant. With three implants the associated risks of infection, implant malposition and undesired aesthetic effects are…three times higher than that of a single implant. By far, implant malposition (asymmetry) of the jaw angles and undesired aesthetic results make up the vast majority of jawline implant complications and the need for revisional surgery.
When the aesthetic results of standard chin and jaw angle implants are inadequate the most effective approach is to make a new implant using a custom approach. This is particularly relevant if the standard implants were very inadequate for the patient’s desired aesthetic needs.
Case Study: This 42 year-old male previously had Medpor chin and jaw angle implants to try and create a more masculine and well defined jawline. While he had no medical complications from his implants and they were placed fairly symmetrically, they did not come close to the desired jawline effect. A custom one-piece wrap around jawline implant was designed from a 3D CT scan and a stone jaw model as a replacement.
Under general anesthesia, his Medpor chin and jaw angle implants were removed through his existing external submental and intraoral posterior incisions. The jaw angle implants were particularly difficult to remove due to tissue adherence and being wrapped around the bony jaw angles. The implants and their fixation screws were removed in many pieces.
His new custom jawline implant was inserted and fit perfectly to the bone as designed on the 3D CT scan. His immediate surgery results showed a dramatically different aesthetic outcome from his standard implants with a much more defined jawline appearance.
1) Replacement of inadequate standard chin and jaw angle implants is best done with a custom jawline implant design.
2) Removing Medpor facial implants can be very challenging particularly over the jaw angle region.
3) Placement of a total custom wrap around jawline implant can be done through the same incisions as the original chin and jaw angle implants were placed.
Dr. Barry Eppley